Agreement English To Swahili

The nouns that follow the model of the agreement are mom “mother(s),” baba “father (s),” ndugu “sibling (s)/relative (s),” kaka “(elder) brother (s),” dada “(elder) sister (s),” nyanya “grandmother (s),” bibi “grandmother (s),” babu “grandfather (s) “, shangazi “paternal aunts), shemeji “schwester (s)/bruder (s)-in-law,” wifi “sister (s)-in-law,” jamaa “relative (s),” rafiki “friend (s),” shoga “female friend of a woman,” jirani “neighbor” and adui “enemy.” [1] Animacy chords can often distinguish different meanings from the same nostuns, such as. B, which means “birds”) ” when animated and “airplanes” when they are inanimate. In addition, 9/10 class animals generally take Class 1 chord throughout the singular, but can accept 10 matches on pronounous genital words in the plural. Nouns (i.e. those that relate to people or animals) that are not in classes 1/2 generally take the contract prefixes (Concords) of classes 1/2 as if they were part of them. The class of the name determines the forms of other parts of the language that relate to them, such as verbs, adjectives, etc. This process is called agreement or agreement. These other parts of the language receive their own concur tés prefixes (short for “Concords”), which generally correspond in the class to the name, although the prefixes themselves are not always the same. In the following examples, the left and right pages of the table show sentences with a singular or plural theme.

When discussing Swahili nominatory classes, it is important to distinguish (1) morphological nominatory classes as name quality, which are indicated by morphological characteristics (usually prefixes) and (2) syntician classes as paradigms of agreement (i.e. concord) that influence the use of other words in the sentence. Here, the “Noun class” is used with the earlier meaning. The morphological and syntactic nomadic classes often diverge, especially when it comes to names that concern humans and animals that are not part of the morphological name of class 1/2, reported by m-wa. For more information, visit La Concorde. The numbers -moja “one,” -wili “two,” -tatu “three,” -nne “four,” -tano “five” and nane “eight,” as well as all numbers that end with these words take prefixes like inflecting adjectives. The equivalent of composite words is usually made with the genital structure as mpira wa kikapu “basketball” (literally “basket ball”). It`s a bit like the process of compounding in many languages like the Weekend French (literally “weekend”).

Some common composite words have irregular plural shapes, because the number is on both elements. The word mwanamke “woman” becomes plural to wanawake “women.” Similarly, mwanamume “man” in the plural becomes wanaume “men”, although the singular form of mwanaume is also common. These two names are formed from the word mwana “son, daughter,” which is often used in the links to essentially mean “person,” followed by the words mke “woman” (plural: wake) and mume “husband” (plural: waume) respectively. Like the names, the verbs are formed by adding prefixes to a basic strain. Unlike subtantive prefixes, verbal prefixes are not an integral part of the verb, but indicate subject, object, tension, appearance, mood and other flexible categories. Usually, verbs are quoted in basic dictionaries, often with a hyphen to indicate that prefixes are added, such as -sema “say,” -andika “write to write,” -the “to eat.” It is also possible to use the Form Infiniv/Gerund which starts with ku- or, only for a few verbs, kw-, like kusema “to say”, kuandika “to write”, kula “to eat”. The recprocical suffix — adds to the verb the meaning of “anyone else.” In terms of importance, groups of similar substants tend to belong to similar named classes. For example, human names, including agent nouns, are often in 1/2 classes, while animals are often in 9/10 classes. The names that describe the plants are in CLASSE